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Rules for writing medial Hamza

il y a un an
Medial Hamza is written on alif as (أ)
If it is vowelled with فتحة and preceded by a letter vowelled by سكون or فتحة, e.g. رأى = saw سأل = asked
If it is vowelled with سكون and preceded by a letter vowelled by فتحة, e.g.
رأس = head شأن = matter
Medial Hamza is written on و as (ؤ)
If it is vowelled with ضمة and preceded by a letter vowelled by سكون, e.g.
تشاؤم = pessimism تفاؤل = optimism
it is preceded by a letter vowelled by ضمة, e.g.
سؤال = question لؤلؤ = pearl
Medial Hamza is written on ي as (ـئـ)
If it is vowelled with كسرة and preceded by a letter vowelled by سكون or another vowel, e.g. نائم = asleep سئم = got bored
If it is vowelled with سكون or فتحة and preceded by a letter vowelled by كسرة, e.g. ائتمان = credit طارئة = emergency
Medial Hamza is written on the line as (ء)
If it is vowelled with فتحة and preceded by the letter الف or واو, e.g.
نبوءة = prophecy تساءل = wondered
If it is vowelled with فتحة and preceded by a letter vowelled by سكون , e.g.
مرءوس = employee جزءان = two part