What are the differences between"可以kěyǐ,会huì,能néng“?

‘会’(huì),‘能’(néng), ‘可以’(kěyǐ) all mean ‘can,’ but what exactly the differences between them, why sometimes I see someone use“可以kěyǐ” when other people use“能néng”?
I hope this article will help you to master them. If you have any questions, please feel free to contact me on Verbling( https://www.verbling.com/teachers/rosalu ), one of the best platform for learning languages.^^
Note: This grammar summary is for all levels.

会huì:


1.Know how to(Emphasizes skills acquired through learning.)
E. g.:我会说汉语wǒ huì shuō hàn yǔ
--I can speak Chinese。 2.Likely to Happen(emphasize the subjective possibility)
E.g., 我喝咖啡会睡不着Wǒ hē kāfēi huì shuì bùzháo。
--I can't sleep when I drink coffee.
E.g.:我觉得明天会下雨wǒ jué dé mínɡ tiān huì xià yǔ。
--I suppose it will rain tomorrow.

能nénɡ :


1. Indicating an ability.
(1)Inborn ability doesn’t need to learn.
E.g:我有眼睛,所以我能看wǒ yǒu yǎnjīng, suǒyǐ wǒ néng kàn。
--I have eyes, so I can see.
(2) the ability is up to a level or Achieves a specific efficiency.
E.g:她一分钟能打70个字tā yì fēn zhōnɡ nénɡ dǎ 70 ɡè zì 。
--She can type 70 words a minute.
(3).lost some ability for the moment, because of some reasons or recover the ability.(not able to )
E.g., 他好多了,能下床了tā hǎo duō le , nénɡ xià chuánɡ le.
--He's much better and can get up now.
2. Emphasize the objective possibility, usually used before a verb.
E.g:我今天有事,不能去你家wǒ jīn tiān yǒu shì , bù nénɡ qù nǐ jiā。
--I have something to do today and can't go to your house。
E.g., 他认识很多人,他能帮你tā rènshi hěn duō rén, tā néng bāng nǐ
--He knows a lot of people, he can help you.
3.“能nénɡ....吗ma?”=“能不能nénɡ bu nénɡ” is often used to indicate a request or hope for
permission(here is equal to one of the meanings of“可以ké yǐ,” please check the end of the article).
E.g:我能坐这里吗?wǒ nénɡ zuò zhè lǐ mɑ ?
=我能不能坐这里?wǒ nénɡ bu nénɡ zuò zhè lǐ ?
--Can I sit here?
Note: The definite answer we usually use:可以ké yǐ ,Negative answer is:不能bù nénɡ.

可以ké yǐ :


1.“May” or to be allowed to (have been granted permission)
E.g:我可以进去吗?wǒ ké yǐ jìn qù mɑ ?
--May I come in?
E.g:妈妈,我可以吃糖果吗?mā mɑ , wǒ ké yǐ chī tánɡ ɡuǒ mɑ ?
--Mom,Can I eat candy?
E.g:我可以坐这里吗?wǒ ké yǐ zuò zhè lǐ mɑ ?
=我可不可以坐这里?wǒ kě bu ké yǐ zuò zhè lǐ ?
--May I sit here?
2. advise
E.g., 如果你有问题,你可以问你的老师rúguǒ nǐ yǒu wèntí, nǐ kěyǐ wèn nǐ de lǎoshi.
--If you have questions, you can ask your teacher.
E.g., 现在不下雨了,我们可以出去玩了。Xiànzài bùxià yǔle, wǒmen kěyǐ chūqù wánle.
--It's not raining now, we can go out and play.
****************************************************************************************

可以 & (kěyǐ/néng)


1.ask for possibility or permission – 可以kěyǐ/能néng
E.g: 我 可以/能 用你的书吗?wǒ kěyǐ/néng yòng nǐ de shū ma?
---May I use your book?
E·g: 我 可以/能 进来吗?wǒ kěyǐ/néng jìnlái ma?
--May I come in?
E·g: 你 可以/能 帮我吗?nǐ kěyǐ/néng bāng wǒ ma?
--Can you help me?
2. prohibition – 不能bùnéng/ 不可以bùkěyǐ
E·g: 你 不能/不可以 这样做nǐ bùnéng/bù kěyǐ zhèyàng zuò.
--You can’t do like that. (forbidden)
E·g: 你 不能/不可以 在这抽烟nǐ bùnéng/bù kěyǐ zài zhè chōuyān.
--You can’t smoke here.
Tips: ‘ 不可以’(bùkěyǐ) is only used to express prohibition. ‘不能’(bùnéng) is used to express impossibility because of some reasons.

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以上内容为Rosa(Danxia)Lu https://www.verbling.com/teachers/rosalu 编辑整理,如需转载请注明出处!(For reprint, please indicate the source)

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Do you want to learn Chinese in a relaxed way? Do you want to learn the standard Chinese accent? Do you want to pass the HSK exam? Do you want to speak Chinese better? ✿✿✿Bingo!You found the right teacher here!^_^✿✿✿ Hello! 你好nǐ hǎo! Olá!こんにちは! This is Rosa,from China and been living in Brazil for about 4 years, where I teach Chinese courses now. 大家好,我叫Rosa,来自中国,我在巴西住了大概四年并在这里教授中文课程。 ➡️I speak fluent English,daily life Portuguese and a little Japanese.So I do understand your feeling and the difficulties when you start to learn a new language.and I have gained a lot of experience along the way which will help you take less detours. 我会说流利的英文,日常的葡萄牙语和一点儿日语,所以我知道学习一门新的语言时的困难。在我学习语言的过程中积累了很多的经验,这会帮助你走少弯路。 ★ ★ ★Me as a Teacher ➡️I am new on Verbling,BUT don't worry,I am NOT new on teaching! :D I have about 3 years teaching experience,and I'm having a professional teaching course at Beijing Language and Culture University, one of the most renowned universities for language teaching in China(Never too old to learn.^^). 我在Verbling上是新人,但是别担心,我在教学上不是新手!:D我有三年左右的线下和线上教学经验.同时,我还在北京语言大学学习专业的对外汉语教学课程,这是中国最著名的语言教学大学之一(活到老学到老^^)。 ★ ★ ★My Lessons & Teaching Style ***My course is from Beginner to Upper Advanced: 我的课程是从零基础到高级。 ➡️Before class,we'll discuss and set your learning targets,according to your purpose,level & preferred method,I will design a personalized course and provide right materials for you(or use your own materials). 上课之前,根据你的目的,级别和喜欢的教学风格,我们会讨论和设定你的学习目标,我会设计个性化的课程和提供合适的学习材料给你(或者可以使用你自己的材料)。 ➡️➡️➡️I use flexible method to teach students regardless of their ages, personalities, and fluency levels in Mandarin.The formation of a language is not only built by grammar, pronunciations, but also the culture itself. As I am native and I have been here in Brazil for a long time, I understand the differences. Therefore, I always present the Chinese culture and explain the applications of vocabularies and sentences in each case. 我使用灵活的方法教授学生,无论他们的年龄,性格和普通话的流利程度如何。语言的形成不仅建立在语法,发音之上,更是文化本身。 因为我是汉语母语者,而且我已经在巴西待了很长时间,所以我理解这些差异。 因此,我总是给你呈现中国文化,并在不同的情况下解释词汇和句子的应用。 ✿✿✿Don't be afraid to make mistakes. You must know that "failure is the mother of success."^_^ I will patiently guide you to correct mistakes, and you will make progress in your mistakes. 不要怕犯错误,要知道“失败乃成功之母”,我会很耐心地引导你自己纠正错误,你会在错误中进步。 ➡️For all levels of students,I will encourage you to speak Chinese as much as possible in class.The best way to master a language is by speaking and using it。 对于所有级别的学生,我会鼓励你在课堂上尽可能多地说中文。掌握一门语言的最好方法是说并使用它。 ➡️For beginners, I recommend using some textbooks to build your vocabulary, sentence and grammar system.The contents of the textbook are basically close to everyday life (If there are any errors in the book, I will correct it in time for sure). ☞The textbooks for structure lessons I might use are as below: (✿✿✿Don't worry,we won't just follow all the lessons and learn something you might not use,we will only learn the most useful contents in those textbooks for your needs.Learning a language is a long journey. Why not learn it in an interesting way, right?:)✿✿✿): 对于系统课程,以下是我可能会使用的一些课本(别担心,我们不会只关注所有课程并学习一些你可能不会使用的东西,我们只会根据你的需要学习这些教科书中最有用的内容。学习语言是一个漫长的旅程,为什么不以有趣的方式来学习它,你说呢?:)): 1,体验汉语:生活篇/留学篇/商务篇/旅游篇/文化篇 Experiencing Chinese-living in China/studying in China/Business communication in China/Traveling in China/Experiencing culture in China; 2,HSK标准教程Standard Course HSK; 3,新实用汉语New practical Chinese reader; 4,汉语口语速成Short-term spoken Chinese; 5,轻松学中文Easy steps to Chinese(For Teenagers青少年); 6,新丝路商务汉语New silk road Business Chinese; 7,成功之道-中级商务汉语案例教程Business Chinese for success-real cases from real companies. If you still have any questions,please feel free to contact me or book a trial lesson.I look forward to meeting you in the class.:) 如果你还有任何问题,欢迎随时联系我或者预订一堂试听课,期待在课堂上与你见面:)
Flag
Chinois mandarin
globe
Chine
time
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Parle:
Cantonais
Langue maternelle
,
Chinois mandarin
Langue maternelle
,
Anglais
C1
,
Portugais
B1
,
Espagnol
A1
,
Japonais
Do you want to learn Chinese in a relaxed way? Do you want to learn the standard Chinese accent? Do you want to pass the HSK exam? Do you want to speak Chinese better? ✿✿✿Bingo!You found the right teacher here!^_^✿✿✿ Hello! 你好nǐ hǎo! Olá!こんにちは! This is Rosa,from China and been living in Brazil for about 4 years, where I teach Chinese courses now. 大家好,我叫Rosa,来自中国,我在巴西住了大概四年并在这里教授中文课程。 ➡️I speak fluent English,daily life Portuguese and a little Japanese.So I do understand your feeling and the difficulties when you start to learn a new language.and I have gained a lot of experience along the way which will help you take less detours. 我会说流利的英文,日常的葡萄牙语和一点儿日语,所以我知道学习一门新的语言时的困难。在我学习语言的过程中积累了很多的经验,这会帮助你走少弯路。 ★ ★ ★Me as a Teacher ➡️I am new on Verbling,BUT don't worry,I am NOT new on teaching! :D I have about 3 years teaching experience,and I'm having a professional teaching course at Beijing Language and Culture University, one of the most renowned universities for language teaching in China(Never too old to learn.^^). 我在Verbling上是新人,但是别担心,我在教学上不是新手!:D我有三年左右的线下和线上教学经验.同时,我还在北京语言大学学习专业的对外汉语教学课程,这是中国最著名的语言教学大学之一(活到老学到老^^)。 ★ ★ ★My Lessons & Teaching Style ***My course is from Beginner to Upper Advanced: 我的课程是从零基础到高级。 ➡️Before class,we'll discuss and set your learning targets,according to your purpose,level & preferred method,I will design a personalized course and provide right materials for you(or use your own materials). 上课之前,根据你的目的,级别和喜欢的教学风格,我们会讨论和设定你的学习目标,我会设计个性化的课程和提供合适的学习材料给你(或者可以使用你自己的材料)。 ➡️➡️➡️I use flexible method to teach students regardless of their ages, personalities, and fluency levels in Mandarin.The formation of a language is not only built by grammar, pronunciations, but also the culture itself. As I am native and I have been here in Brazil for a long time, I understand the differences. Therefore, I always present the Chinese culture and explain the applications of vocabularies and sentences in each case. 我使用灵活的方法教授学生,无论他们的年龄,性格和普通话的流利程度如何。语言的形成不仅建立在语法,发音之上,更是文化本身。 因为我是汉语母语者,而且我已经在巴西待了很长时间,所以我理解这些差异。 因此,我总是给你呈现中国文化,并在不同的情况下解释词汇和句子的应用。 ✿✿✿Don't be afraid to make mistakes. You must know that "failure is the mother of success."^_^ I will patiently guide you to correct mistakes, and you will make progress in your mistakes. 不要怕犯错误,要知道“失败乃成功之母”,我会很耐心地引导你自己纠正错误,你会在错误中进步。 ➡️For all levels of students,I will encourage you to speak Chinese as much as possible in class.The best way to master a language is by speaking and using it。 对于所有级别的学生,我会鼓励你在课堂上尽可能多地说中文。掌握一门语言的最好方法是说并使用它。 ➡️For beginners, I recommend using some textbooks to build your vocabulary, sentence and grammar system.The contents of the textbook are basically close to everyday life (If there are any errors in the book, I will correct it in time for sure). ☞The textbooks for structure lessons I might use are as below: (✿✿✿Don't worry,we won't just follow all the lessons and learn something you might not use,we will only learn the most useful contents in those textbooks for your needs.Learning a language is a long journey. Why not learn it in an interesting way, right?:)✿✿✿): 对于系统课程,以下是我可能会使用的一些课本(别担心,我们不会只关注所有课程并学习一些你可能不会使用的东西,我们只会根据你的需要学习这些教科书中最有用的内容。学习语言是一个漫长的旅程,为什么不以有趣的方式来学习它,你说呢?:)): 1,体验汉语:生活篇/留学篇/商务篇/旅游篇/文化篇 Experiencing Chinese-living in China/studying in China/Business communication in China/Traveling in China/Experiencing culture in China; 2,HSK标准教程Standard Course HSK; 3,新实用汉语New practical Chinese reader; 4,汉语口语速成Short-term spoken Chinese; 5,轻松学中文Easy steps to Chinese(For Teenagers青少年); 6,新丝路商务汉语New silk road Business Chinese; 7,成功之道-中级商务汉语案例教程Business Chinese for success-real cases from real companies. If you still have any questions,please feel free to contact me or book a trial lesson.I look forward to meeting you in the class.:) 如果你还有任何问题,欢迎随时联系我或者预订一堂试听课,期待在课堂上与你见面:)
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