Un viaggio etimologico - seconda parte

Ciao a tutti! Oggi continuiamo il nostro viaggio etimologico, e vedremo le origini proprio dei verbi viaggiare e to travel.
Questo post è un estratto, adattato e semplificato, dal libro Letteratura comparata, a cura di Armando Gnisci, pubblicato nel 2002 dalla casa editrice Bruno Mondadori.
SECONDA PARTE – VIAGGIO/VIAGGIARE La parola viaggio deriva dal latino viaticum, che indicava originariamente “il cibo che viene consumato durante la strada”. Possiamo dire che con il tempo, nell'immaginario collettivo, il viaggio e ciò che lo alimenta sono diventati la stessa cosa. Il viaggio, quindi, non è solo un movimento nello spazio, da un punto all'altro. È importante anche l'energia che ci spinge a farlo, e come l'esperienza ci trasforma.
L'etimologia del verbo inglese to travel conserva qualcosa di relativo alla sofferenza: tripalium era il nome di uno strumento di tortura, formato da tre (tres) pali (palus). La parola, di conseguenza, ha il senso di dolore, punizione: la stessa che ha esiliato Adamo ed Eva dal Paradiso terrestre e li ha forzati a vagare senza poter tornare.
Il poeta inglese Ben Johnson presenta bene questo doppio significato di travel come “viaggio” e “sofferenza”, cioè come prova da affrontare: This is that good Aeneas, passed through fire, Through seas, storms, tempests; and embarked for hell, Came back untouched. This man hath travelled well.
La parola italiana con la stessa etimologia è travaglio, con i suoi significati di “tormento”, “lavoro” (in spagnolo trabajar, significa esattamente lavorare!) e di “fase iniziale del parto”. Le sovrapposizioni fra travel/travaglio e partire/partorire creano paradossi linguistici, ma in realtà fanno parte della stessa immagine: quella del viaggio come ri-nascita in una forma diversa, grazie all'esperienza di nuovi posti e all'incontro con l'altro. Se nella parola partire avevamo trovato l'idea della morte, in travel/viaggio troviamo invece la nascita.
27 février 2020
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Martina Palumbo

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Italien
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Italie
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1 603
Parle:
Italien
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Espagnol
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Hi! My name is Martina and I'm a qualified and experienced Italian teacher. I am cheerful and very patient and I strive to make my classes as enjoyable and engaging as possible, because I believe that it's easier to learn if you're relaxed and having a good time. I always provide LEARNING RESOURCES and WRITTEN MATERIALS that you can keep for future reference. If you want to learn from scratch I will guide you step by step, with a progression of classes that will make you able to understand and speak with ease in everyday-situations. If you already know some Italian and want to take it to the next level I'll help you progress designing classes around what you need to improve and developing your strenghts. No matter your level, we can build on that. I'll tailor the contents and topics of classes based on what you're passionate about and your learning purpose. We'll deal with grammar in a communicative context, to look at how it works in real life situations, using various resources such as texts and news articles, videos and dialogues, songs. We can choose whether to focus on conversation, writing, listening, reading or to practice all four of them, depending on your needs and goals. I can also help you with specific practical tasks such as formal writing or translating, preparing for presentations and interviews, improving your pronunciation or if you need to tackle specific subjects (grammar, vocabulary, art, language for travel...) I first started teaching when I still attended school, volunteering as a peer-tutor, and then continued it as a beloved job: I've been teaching different age groups, from very young students to adults. For several years I also worked for an infant psychologist so I have experience in helping children with learning disabilities. I graduated in Foreign Languages and Intercultural Studies, which gave me a humanities background and formal training in teaching a foreign language, advanced linguistics, and translation. Feel free to message me if you have any questions, I'm here to help you!
Flag
Italien
globe
Italie
time
1 603
Parle:
Italien
Langue maternelle
,
Espagnol
C1
,
Anglais
C1
Hi! My name is Martina and I'm a qualified and experienced Italian teacher. I am cheerful and very patient and I strive to make my classes as enjoyable and engaging as possible, because I believe that it's easier to learn if you're relaxed and having a good time. I always provide LEARNING RESOURCES and WRITTEN MATERIALS that you can keep for future reference. If you want to learn from scratch I will guide you step by step, with a progression of classes that will make you able to understand and speak with ease in everyday-situations. If you already know some Italian and want to take it to the next level I'll help you progress designing classes around what you need to improve and developing your strenghts. No matter your level, we can build on that. I'll tailor the contents and topics of classes based on what you're passionate about and your learning purpose. We'll deal with grammar in a communicative context, to look at how it works in real life situations, using various resources such as texts and news articles, videos and dialogues, songs. We can choose whether to focus on conversation, writing, listening, reading or to practice all four of them, depending on your needs and goals. I can also help you with specific practical tasks such as formal writing or translating, preparing for presentations and interviews, improving your pronunciation or if you need to tackle specific subjects (grammar, vocabulary, art, language for travel...) I first started teaching when I still attended school, volunteering as a peer-tutor, and then continued it as a beloved job: I've been teaching different age groups, from very young students to adults. For several years I also worked for an infant psychologist so I have experience in helping children with learning disabilities. I graduated in Foreign Languages and Intercultural Studies, which gave me a humanities background and formal training in teaching a foreign language, advanced linguistics, and translation. Feel free to message me if you have any questions, I'm here to help you!
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