An Introduction To 10 Classic French Pastries 🍰

🔊 For pronunciation, click on the French word you would like to hear and it will lead you to a website where you can find several recordings of the word 🔊

With boulangeries (bakeries) on every French street corner, filled with an abundance of delicious treats, it can be really interesting for any French-learner with a sweet tooth to dive into the rabbit-hole of French pastries!

You might have already heard about them or even tried them, but do you know what they are called in French? Or how they are pronounced by French native speakers? This is what we are going to learn in this article along with some other related vocabulary.

But first, what is the word for "pastry" in French?
It can actually be translated in two different ways: les viennoiseries and les pâtisseries. Those two words refer to two different things.
Les viennoiseries are flaky pastries, similar to bread but sweet, and are usually enjoyed for breakfast. They are called viennoiseries because this pastry style originate from Vienna, Austria, and the most iconic example, is le croissant.
Les pâtisseries are better described as petits gâteaux (little cakes).

I. Les viennoiseries
  • Le pain au chocolat or la chocolatine
Probably just as well-known as le croissant. But a lesser known fact about this pastry : in France, it can be called le pain au chocolat or la chocolatine (yes, the gender is different depending on which name you use 😂). The name chocolatine is used in the south of France, whereas pain au chocolat is mainly used in the north.

  • Le pain aux raisins
Spirale-shaped pastry filled with raisins secs (raisins) and crème patissière (pastry cream).







  • Le chausson aux pommes
Pastry filled with compote de pommes (apple purée), usually served warm.







  • Le pain viennois au chocolat
Long-shaped brioche with pépites de chocolat (chocolate chips). Also known as la viennoise au chocolat or even la baguette viennoise.







II. Les pâtisseries
  • La tarte Tatin
La tarte means "pie" and Tatin is the name of the person who supposedly invited this dessert.
Also known as "upside-down apple pie": the apples are placed at the bottom of the pan and cooked with the pie crust on top, then the whole pie is flipped when served.



  • La tartelette
The word tartelette comes from the word la tarte (pie) and basically means "little pie". Most common variations are:
- la tartelette aux fraises (strawberry)
- la tartelette aux framboises (raspberry)
- la tartelette aux myrtilles (blueberry)

  • L'éclair
Long-shaped pâte à choux (puff pastry) filled with crème patissière (pastry cream).
Most common variations are:
- l'éclair au café (coffee)
- l'éclair au chocolat
- l'éclair au caramel



  • Le Paris-Brest

Donut-shaped pâte à choux sliced in half and filled with crème pralinée (praline cream).








  • Le Millefeuille
Layers of razor-thin pâte à choux with crème patissière, topped with glaçage (icing)








  • La religieuse
Made out of two choux (puffs), filled with crème patissière and topped with glaçage (icing). Most common variations are:
- la religieuse au chocolat
- la religieuse au café









So here you go everyone: a little introduction to French pastries! I don't know about you, but while writing this article, it was really hard for me not to rush to the first bakery and get my hands on a little chausson aux pommes or tarte Tatin (my favortites ❤️ ).
What about you guys: did you know any of these? Did you know how they were pronounced in French?
Let me know in the comment section about your thoughts on this article and even other subjects you would find interesting!
A bientôt 😄


21 novembre 2019
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Odile Tezel

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I am a freelance online French teacher. I have taught French in various settings : universities, private schools, at home, etc. And I have now been teaching French online for more than two years. As a result, I have an extensive experience in teaching French to adult students from all around the world and all levels. I have a Master Degree in Applied Foreign Languages and, being a language student myself, I understand how hard it can be to learn a foreign language. My classes are tailored to fit my students expectations and make sure to cater to their specific needs. Before starting to teach a student, I always make sure to understand their long-term goal, in order to provide a customized lesson plan. I always make sure to diversify the class materials that I use, mixing articles, videos and audio recordings for the student to have a more engaging and effective learning experience. Ever since I started teaching online, my teaching method has proven to be very effective. I have taught many beginner students from learning their very first French word up to having a strong understanding of French pronunciation, grammar and even culture. I have also helped many intermediate and advanced students improve and consolidate their existing French skills. Finally, I have helped students prepare for very specific examinations: professional interviews, visa interviews, DELF exams and even French driving license. Thank you for looking at my profile and if you have any questions, please don’t hesitate to ask or book a trial lesson. I'm sure together we can work up a plan that will fit you perfectly! I look forward to hearing from you! 我是法国人,而法语是我的母语。我拥有 3年多的法语教学经验,而这包括两年的网络法语教学经验。首先我2013年曾经在台湾的长荣大学担任一年的法语助教。后来,2015年我在中国上海的Cafécole法语学校担任半年的法语老师。 因为我到现在教过许多中国学生,所以我非常了解说中文学生学习上的困难。为了帮助你更加了解法语,我会使用很多不同的方法 : 第一,我可以用双语教学用中文和英文解释法文。 第二,我的学生都有不一样的需求。我曾经帮助过学生准备去法国学习或工作,准备面试和面签以及准备考DELF考试。所以上课以前,我会提供你免费的咨询服务然后根据你的需求规划客制课程。 第三,上课的时候我会提供真实的视频或录音以及不一样的上课材料和活动帮助你学习法国人真正使用的法语 最后,最重要的事我们会很开心地一起学。 谢谢大家,我非常期待收到你们的来信 !
Flag
Français
globe
France
time
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Parle:
Français
Langue maternelle
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Anglais
C2
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Chinois mandarin
B1
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Espagnol
A2
,
Malais
A1
,
Khmer
A1
I am a freelance online French teacher. I have taught French in various settings : universities, private schools, at home, etc. And I have now been teaching French online for more than two years. As a result, I have an extensive experience in teaching French to adult students from all around the world and all levels. I have a Master Degree in Applied Foreign Languages and, being a language student myself, I understand how hard it can be to learn a foreign language. My classes are tailored to fit my students expectations and make sure to cater to their specific needs. Before starting to teach a student, I always make sure to understand their long-term goal, in order to provide a customized lesson plan. I always make sure to diversify the class materials that I use, mixing articles, videos and audio recordings for the student to have a more engaging and effective learning experience. Ever since I started teaching online, my teaching method has proven to be very effective. I have taught many beginner students from learning their very first French word up to having a strong understanding of French pronunciation, grammar and even culture. I have also helped many intermediate and advanced students improve and consolidate their existing French skills. Finally, I have helped students prepare for very specific examinations: professional interviews, visa interviews, DELF exams and even French driving license. Thank you for looking at my profile and if you have any questions, please don’t hesitate to ask or book a trial lesson. I'm sure together we can work up a plan that will fit you perfectly! I look forward to hearing from you! 我是法国人,而法语是我的母语。我拥有 3年多的法语教学经验,而这包括两年的网络法语教学经验。首先我2013年曾经在台湾的长荣大学担任一年的法语助教。后来,2015年我在中国上海的Cafécole法语学校担任半年的法语老师。 因为我到现在教过许多中国学生,所以我非常了解说中文学生学习上的困难。为了帮助你更加了解法语,我会使用很多不同的方法 : 第一,我可以用双语教学用中文和英文解释法文。 第二,我的学生都有不一样的需求。我曾经帮助过学生准备去法国学习或工作,准备面试和面签以及准备考DELF考试。所以上课以前,我会提供你免费的咨询服务然后根据你的需求规划客制课程。 第三,上课的时候我会提供真实的视频或录音以及不一样的上课材料和活动帮助你学习法国人真正使用的法语 最后,最重要的事我们会很开心地一起学。 谢谢大家,我非常期待收到你们的来信 !
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