3 Research-Proven Learning Techniques You Never Heard About

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Vita KoganAnglais
16 octobre 2017
525
2 minutes
Why is it so crucial to use new techniques and approaches when you learn? Well... Learning a language is a long journey. You want to avoid the Einstellung effect as much as possible: when you routinely use familiar practices to achieve a certain result and miss out on much better ways to accomplish the same task. Be creative, be flexible, be smart about your learning!

Spaced repetition


  • What science tells us:

Spaced repetition is a learning technique that uses increasing intervals of time between the review of previously learned material. For example: you review a set of flashcards not daily, but rather once in 2 days, then in 5 days, then in 2 weeks, then in 2 months, and lastly, in 2 years. Thanks to the psychological spacing effect, the information gets enhanced better when you review it like this. It works wonders for acquiring a large number of items. Imagine, what it can do to your vocabulary acquisition!

  • How to apply:

Gabriel Wyner wrote an entire book on how to use spaced repetition with language learning. "Fluent Forever" became an international bestseller. Recently, Gabriel followed up with a highly successful Kickstarter campaign, where he introduced a language-learning app largely based on the same principles.

Of course, you can create your own spaced repetition system in no time. Just mark your calendar and remember to come back to the previously learned material regularly.

You can also check out these apps. They are all based on space repetition systems:
  • Anki
  • Memrise
  • the Mnemosyne Project
  • SuperMemo

Free recall


  • What science tells us:

Recalling previously learned material by mentally retrieving key ideas is much more effective than re-reading or highlighting. Retrieval practice is a central topic in memory research right now. Free recall enhances previously done learning but also facilitates learning that is about to happen (subsequent learning). Isn't it amazing? It's called subsequent encoding effectiveness and it's going to rock your memory!

  • How to apply:

Do not copy the information from textbooks/teacher's whiteboard, but rather try to summarize it in your own way. Use a variety of tests to check how you retained the information. There are many language tests and quizzes available online for this purpose (check Transparent Languages). Study in pairs or groups where you can retell the key concepts to a partner and listen to her perspective on the same material. Teach somebody something you've been taught.

Alternating modes of thinking


  • What science tells us:

In order to learn better, it's necessary to switch between two modes of thinking: a defused mode (allows you to relax) and focused mode (requires all your attention). By combining these two practices as a part of your learning routine, you will build and strengthen new neuro-structures that will boost your learning.

  • How to apply:

Combine intensive hour of grammar drills with one episode of your favorite TV-sitcom in a language you are studying. Sing a karaoke with Lyrics Training or Lyrics Gaps after finishing a laboriously crafted essay. Or just go outside and enjoy physical exercise between intellectual activities!

Alternate different senses, when you study: read a book and then play a Scrabble or try a dance lesson on YouTube in a language you are studying.

Hope it helps! Good luck!


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Vita

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(12)
Flag Russe
États-Unis
18
Russe
Langue maternelle
,
Anglais
C2
,
Espagnol
A2
I am a native speaker of Russian, teaching languages since 2001. I have two Masters and a PhD in Russian. I'm also a language researcher. Which means I know all the shortcuts to fluency and I'll share my secrets with you :-D I am a huge supporter of the communicative approach to language. You will be surprise how much sense grammar makes and how well vocabulary sticks, when you use it in a meaningful context! That's why we will talk a lot! We will explore the language and the culture behind it through podcasts, films, literature, comics, news and much more! We'll play games and chat about everyday things, you won't notice how quickly you will start speaking Russian. Let me know what you think and join in! Vita
$20.00
USD/h
Flag Russe
États-Unis
18
Russe
Langue maternelle
,
Anglais
C2
,
Espagnol
A2
I am a native speaker of Russian, teaching languages since 2001. I have two Masters and a PhD in Russian. I'm also a language researcher. Which means I know all the shortcuts to fluency and I'll share my secrets with you :-D I am a huge supporter of the communicative approach to language. You will be surprise how much sense grammar makes and how well vocabulary sticks, when you use it in a meaningful context! That's why we will talk a lot! We will explore the language and the culture behind it through podcasts, films, literature, comics, news and much more! We'll play games and chat about everyday things, you won't notice how quickly you will start speaking Russian. Let me know what you think and join in! Vita

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